In Brief: 3/31/2019

In Brief

Statewide Standardization / Food and Drink Regulations – A bill was approved by State Senators this week continuing legislative efforts to protect Tennessee’s top status as a business-friendly state.  Senate Bill 431 would prevent a patchwork of local ordinances from hundreds of jurisdictions in Tennessee governing the sale or use of such items as straws, plastic bags and the regulation of food item content, like the “big gulp” soft drink.  The proposal follows movements in certain U.S. cities to restrict, ban, or tax the use or sale of certain containers, foods, and drinks beyond what is required by state regulation.  It also follows efforts by some local governments to mandate menu labeling and regulate the size of food, and drinks sold to the public.  This includes Tennessee, where local ordinances are already being considered in Nashville to mandate menu labeling and in Memphis to tax plastic bags. 

The statewide standardization bill prohibits local governments from banning, restricting or taxing certain materials used in food retail businesses and from enacting such ordinances based on food or drink content. It specifies that such restrictions or bans must originate in the Tennessee General Assembly, a practice used by other states like Arizona, Mississippi, California, and Minnesota.  The proposal is supported by a wide array of groups including the Beacon Center, Beverage Association, Nation Federation of Independent Business (NFIB), Tennessee Chamber of Commerce, Tennessee Fuel and Convenience Store Association, Tennessee Grocers and Convenience Store Association, Tennessee Hospitality and Tourism Association, and Tennessee Retail Association.

Proton Therapy – Legislation was approved by the Senate Commerce and Labor Committee this week allowing state employees diagnosed with cancer to receive hypofractionated proton therapy if the physician and patient believe that it would be more beneficial to their treatment plan.  Senate Bill 195 creates the Proton Therapy Access Act.  The state insurance program would be required to cover proton therapy at the same rate that would be paid for traditional radiation therapy (IMRT), as long as certain conditions have been met.  The legislation will now be heard on final consideration on the Senate floor.

Resolution seeks to address temporary incapacitation of governor – A resolution allowing voters to change the state’s constitution to address any potential incapacitation of Tennessee’s governor was approved by the Senate State and Local Government Committee this week. Senate Joint Resolution 154 provides for any planned or unplanned absence of the governor when the powers and duties of the office cannot be performed.

When the temporarily incapacitation is planned, such as major surgery, a written declaration from the governor would be submitted that the powers and duties will be temporarily discharged by the speaker of the Senate.  In Tennessee, the speaker of the Senate also acts as Lt. Governor.  If the incapacitation is the result of a sudden incident where the governor is unable to submit a declaration, then the majority of five administrative commissioners of the governor’s cabinet would make a determination.  The commissioners would then submit a written declaration to temporarily name the speaker of the Senate as acting governor.  These duties would fall to the speaker of the House of Representatives in both cases if the Senate speaker’s office is vacant.  The acting governor would continue to perform the duties of the office until the governor transmits that he or she is able to resume their responsibilities. While acting as governor, the speaker will maintain their position and salary; however, they will not preside as speaker or vote as a member while acting as governor.

Before proceeding to a vote by the people, the resolution must be approved by a simple majority of the 111th General Assembly during the 2019-2020 sessions and by a two-thirds majority of the 112th General Assembly which will convene in 2021-2022.  Once on the ballot, constitutional amendments must receive a plurality of votes cast in the gubernatorial election.

Aggravated Sexual Battery / Public Records — Members of the Senate Judiciary committee approved a measure to add aggravated sexual battery to the list of what can be made public in a delinquency proceeding. Senate Bill 584 requires petitions and orders of the court in a delinquency proceeding to be opened to the public if the conduct would constitute aggravated sexual battery if committed by an adult. The juvenile would have to be 14 years of age or older at the time of the alleged act for this to apply.  Under current law, delinquency proceedings open to the public include conduct such as first and second degree murder, rape, aggravated rape, rape of a child, aggravated rape of a child, aggravated robbery, kidnapping and aggravated kidnapping.  The bill now moves to the Senate floor for a final vote.

Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification Service — The Senate Judiciary Committee approved legislation on Tuesday to allow for more opportunities for the Tennessee Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification (SAVIN) service by removing the $650,000 cap on grants per year. The SAVIN service, which is administered by the Tennessee Sheriffs Association through an annual grant from the Tennessee Department of Finance and Administration’s office of Criminal Justice Programs, was established in 2009 to increase safety of crime victims and others affected by providing access to timely information concerning the custody status of offenders in county jails. Victims and other concerned citizens can register anonymously by phone or website to be notified of an offender’s release, transfer, escape, or death.

Since its inception, the SAVIN service has registered over 785,000 citizens, including 222,000 new registrations in 2018 alone. As the service has grown, the cap removes the opportunity to enhance and expand the service through utilization of existing available revenue, as well as the potential federal grants. Senate Bill 450 removes this cap, allowing existing revenues and other available grant money to be used to maintain, promote, enhance and expand the Tennessee SAVIN service, in order to help more victims of crime across the state.

Increasing Awareness / Work Readiness Programs — Legislation increasing awareness for post-secondary and work readiness programs offered to high school students by their Local Education Agencies (LEAs) unanimously passed the full Senate floor on Monday.  Offering opportunities for high school students to earn college credit or a professional certification can produce extremely valuable long-term benefits and helps the state meet its Drive to 55 goal to increase post-secondary graduation rates. Senate Bill 1398 requires notification to students and their families of all early college and career opportunities offered by the school district. Programs include work-based learning, apprenticeships, dual enrollment programs, dual credit programs, and college credit-bearing courses. The legislation also calls for listing the opportunities on the school district’s website. The bill now awaits approval from the House of Representatives.

Non-Communicative Persons / Take Me Home Bill — Legislation seeking to help non-communicative persons return home safely, rather than transporting them to jail for identification purposes, has been approved by the full Senate.  Under current law, when law enforcement officers encounter persons who cannot identify themselves, they are often taken to jail so that a positive identification can be made.  While this law makes sense for those who desire to hide their identity, it works a great hardship on non-communicative citizens such as those with autism, dementia, or other similar conditions. 

Senate Bill 576 will help the City of Chattanooga share software which allows families to register a non-communicative person with local law enforcement agencies so police officers will have instant access to the identifying information necessary to bring them home.  The bill establishes limited good-faith immunity for any defect or malfunction in a software program so Chattanooga can distribute it to other local governments in Tennessee without cost to the recipient.  The proposal was brought to the legislature by the parent of a young man who is non-communicative due to autism and is modeled after similar laws in other states.

Lemonade Stand Bill — The Senate Commerce and Labor Committee approved legislation this week referred to as “The Lemonade Stand Bill”. Senate Bill 433 prohibits a local government from requiring a license, fee, or permit for a business that is operated solely by a person under 18 years of age, is located on private property with the property owner’s permission, and generates gross receipts of less than $3,000 per year. The legislation aims to help young people in Tennessee who might want to open a lemonade stand, start a lawn mowing business, or similar venture; and ensures they will be able to do so without being stifled by regulation.  It seeks to encourage an entrepreneurial spirit among young people, rather than discourage it. The bill will now move to the floor for final approval by the Senate.

Extending Tax Exemption / Farmers — An exemption from sales and use tax for agricultural trailers and vehicles was approved by the Senate Finance, Ways, and Means Committee this Tuesday to help Tennessee farmers. Under current law only trailers used to transport livestock are exempt from sales and use tax. Senate Bill 713 extends the exemption to include all trailers used to transport livestock; farm products; nursery stock; or equipment, supplies, and products used in agriculture from state and local sales and use tax. The legislation will now go to the full Senate to receive final approval.

Consumers / Times Share Contracts — The full Senate approved consumer protection legislation this week to make it more convenient for a time share purchaser to cancel a contract within the allotted time period provided under Tennessee law.  Currently, time share sales contracts are voidable for 10 days from the date of the signing if, prior to signing, the purchaser has made an on-site inspection of the project or property.  Senate Bill 263 amends this law to specify that an on-site inspection by the purchaser of any component site of the time share project will also trigger the applicable recession period for the purchaser’s right of cancellation.  This helps consumers, who must travel a long distance to trigger cancellation of the contract, by allowing them to inspect any closer component sites.

Flood Damage / Tennessee Highways — The Tennessee Department of Transportation reported that damages to the state highway network as a result of flood damage suffered last month are widespread.  Damages were incurred at 232site specific locations, requiring the department’s staff to react to an array of impacts in 72 counties.  This includes 58 slides and/or rockfalls on state highways.  Seventy-five locations on state highways were closed to traffic due to flooding.  There were 99 other types of impacts, ranging from sinkholes to escape barges hitting bridges.  The total cost of repairs is estimated at $70.8 million.  Governor Bill Lee has requested major disaster relief from President Trump and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Education Preparation Programs — The Tennessee Comptroller’s Office has released a new report examining Tennessee’s Educator Preparation Providers. Educator Preparation Providers (EPPs) are institutions of higher education or other organizations that recruit, train, and produce licensed teachers. The report describes the steps EPPs take to prepare new teachers, shows how Tennessee’s EPPs perform on multiple measures of effectiveness, and explains how EPP outcomes are included in the outcomes-based funding formula and Quality Assurance Funding Program for higher education institutions.  The report includes three policy considerations to improve teacher preparation: (1) public EPPs should consider surveying those who completed the program to gauge improvements, (2) Tennessee’s public EPPs could calculate the cost per completion for each of the licensure pathways offered, (3) public EPPs should consider studying the feasibility of creating job-embedded programs and teacher residencies that function similarly to those operated by EROs.  The full report  is available on the Tennessee Comptroller’s website. 

Chronic Disease Prevention Act — The Senate Government Operations Committee passed the Chronic Disease Prevention Act which will create a task force seeking to lower the current rates of largely preventable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular in Tennessee.  Currently, Tennessee is ranked 9th highest in diabetes, 7th highest in hypotension, and 10th highest in cardiovascular disease. Senate Bill 281 creates a prevention-focused task force, bringing legislators and experts together so that they can hear the real science behind chronic diseases and make recommendations to improve the health of Tennesseans. The bill will now move to the Senate Health and Welfare Committee.

Silver Star License Plate — The Senate Transportation and Safety Committee passed legislation redesigning the Tennessee Silver Star license plate. The Silver Star license plate was recently redesigned and in the process the word valor was removed. Senate Bill 639 restores the valor designation on the Silver Star specialty license plate so that decorated Armed Forces members receive the recognition they deserve. This legislation will now go to the full Senate for final consideration.

Converting Plastics to Petroleum-based Products — The Senate approved legislation this week to help incentivize the use of new, innovative technology to convert non-recycled plastics into valuable fuels, chemical feedstock, and other petroleum-based products.  The bill aims to decrease the amount of plastics that goes into landfills in the state. Senate Bill 923 creates statutory certainty about how that technology can be used by adding and clarifying language regarding the process. It clarifies that post-use polymers and recoverable feedstocks, which are sorted but not currently being mechanically recycled, are not considered solid waste.  Additionally, the legislation clarifies that the pyrolysis and gasification facilities that are processing these materials are not solid waste processing facilities or incinerators.  

The goal is to move materials, such as non-recycled plastics, out of landfills and into valuable new products, such fuels and chemical feedstocks.  The legislation will also send a message that Tennessee is open for the economic development of this technology. Converting just 25 percent of the recoverable plastics in Tennessee to plastic, chemical feedstocks, and transportation fuels could support eight advanced recycling and recovery facilities, generating $264 million in annual economic output and providing fuel for up to 219,000 Tennessee cars each year. Resolution Honoring Former Senate Majority Leader Mark Norris – State Senators recognized U.S. District Court Judge Mark Norris this week, adopting a resolution honoring his exemplary service to the State of Tennessee.  Norris, who served as Senate Majority Leader for 12 years before being confirmed last year as judge for the U.S. District Court’s Western District of Tennessee, represented the people of the 32nd Senatorial District in Shelby and Tipton Counties. SJR 338 lists Norris’ many accomplishments during his legislative tenure.  “We honor Senator Mark Norris for his meritorious service to Tennessee as a member of the Senate, commend him for his countless contributions and many good works in service of the citizens of the 32nd Senate District, and extend to him our best wishes for much continued success and happiness,” the resolution said.

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